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【晶闻社】Kids News & 教育新闻233期【晶晶读中英文故事】
今日推荐:2021年04月05日 晶晶读中英文故事馆
晶闻社期   4/3/2020

总编:刘晶晶
副总编:常家睿

副总编:方可滢

晶议见闻主编:卢可可

晶彩趣闻主编:王雨乐

晶品漫谈主编:陈晶露

晶津乐道主编:张乐嘉

晶采新知主编:贺英博

晶彩再现主编:雷岸汀



编辑/校对:全全



晶议见闻


 一,宾夕法尼亚大学于三月底开始恢复体育比赛

 

https://www.thedp.com/article/2021/03/penn-athletics-phase-iv-sports-resume-ivy-league-spring-season

 

经过一年多的无体育活动后,宾夕法尼亚大学的娱乐和学院间运动分部获得了进入常春藤第四阶段的批准,这意味着它可以从3月27日(星期六)开始恢复本地比赛。这是第一所常春藤联盟学校在由于COVID-19取消比赛之后重新参赛。宾夕法尼亚大学田径运动部在公告中宣布了这一决定,并宣布了春季赛程。典型的春季运动队-棒球,垒球,赛艇,曲棍球,网球和田径运动-将在短暂的季节中与严格的本地运动队展开竞争。没有队伍会面对任何常春藤联盟的对手。比赛于3月27日开始,宾夕法尼亚大学棒球队将在3月27日对维拉诺瓦队进行比赛,田径队在当天举行的宾夕法尼亚大学挑战赛中与野猫队,车手队,圣约瑟夫队和圣殿骑士队一起比赛。(采编/翻译:常家睿)

 

Penn to begin athletic competition this weekend; first Ivy toresume sports

 

After over a year with no sporting events, the Penn Division ofRecreation and Intercollegiate Athletics has received approval to move into IvyPhase IV, meaning that it can resume local competition beginning on Saturday,March 27. It will be the first Ivy League school to compete in the wake of theCOVID-19 cancellations. Penn Athletics relayed the decision in an announcementalong with an unveiling of its spring schedule.  The typical spring sportsteams — baseball, softball, rowing, lacrosse, tennis, and track and field —will be competing in abbreviated seasons against strictly local competition. Noteam will face any Ivy League foes. Competition kicks off on March 27 with Pennbaseball taking on Villanova on March 27 and track and field competing in thePenn Challenge the same day against the Wildcats along with Rider, SaintJoseph's, and Temple.


 

二,青少年创业故事:来自犹他州Mapleton17岁女孩的烘焙生意名声大振

 

 https://www.heraldextra.com/news/local/south/mapleton/mapleton--year-old-entrepreneur-has-a-flourishing-baking-reputation/article_9fac7377-04b9-5f11-86dd-cd22c9674db9.html

 

年仅17岁的犹他州Mapleton的女孩JannelyseAllred 有一个红火的生意。她为Mapleton农贸市场烤制了8种面包,而且已经持续了几年。她拥有食品加工许可证以及家庭厨房许可证(采编/翻译:卢可可)

 

 

Mapleton 17-year-old entrepreneur has a flourishing bakingreputation

 

At age 17, Jannelyse Allred, of Mapleton, has a thrivingbusiness. She bakes eight varieties of bread for the Mapleton Farmers Marketand has done so for a couple years. She has a food handler’s permit as well asa cottage kitchen permit.

 

晶彩趣闻


三,美国以科幻作家巴特勒的名字命名毅力漫游车在火星的降落点

 



https://newsela.com/read/perserverance-martian-landing-octavia-butler/id/2001019575/

 

美国国家航空航天局(NASA)最近用科幻作家巴特勒的名字命名毅力漫游车在火星上的降落点。巴特勒是个科幻作家,写过很多科幻小说。她认为探索太空非常重要,因为我们对宇宙还有很多未知的地方。她有句名言:科学需要精确。这也是NASA的座右铭之一。在NASA的发展历史中,多次用科幻作家的名字命名对太空的发现,以此向科幻作家们致敬。(采编:王雨乐翻译:刘凡)


Perseverance Martian landing point named after Octavia E. Butler

 

The perseverance rover thatrecently landed on Mars was named after a novelist Octavia E. Butler. This person is behind one of Nasa's mottos, which it to do science accurately.Butler is an author, and she wrote many books. One of her books argues thatexploring space is important because our planet will be in shambles. ThroughoutNasa's history, they have honored other sci-fi writers on other missions. 



 
四,神经元



https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/scientists-say-neuron


神经元或神经细胞是我们神经系统的主要细胞,包括您的大脑,脊髓和神经。大脑中大约有860亿个神经元,脊髓中大约有10亿个神经元。神经元是帮助人体中的信息从一个地方传递到另一个地方的细胞。基本上,每次您触摸某物时,触摸都会触发来自最接近皮肤的神经元的电信号。最接近皮肤的神经元向大脑发送信息。然后,大脑处理该信息,并将信号发送到它可能参与的任何肌肉。神经元的不同部分执行特定的工作,例如制作,移动和接收消息。神经元通常在称为树突的小分支上接收消息或信号。这些树突从细胞的身体中伸出来,沿着长轴称为axel发出信号。轴的末端有另一组分支,称为轴终端。信号以带负电和带正电的离子的形式沿轴终端移动。信号通过化学信号传递。由于神经元是从不同身体部位发送和接收信号的神经元,因此一个神经元的长度可能长达三英尺。(采编/翻译:张乐甜)  


Neurons

Neurons,or nerve cells, are the principal cell in our nervous system, which includesyour brain, spinal cord, and nerves.  There are around 86 billion neuronsin the brain and around a billion more in the spinal cord. Neurons are thecells that help transfer messages from one place to another in our body.Basically, every time you touch something, the touch triggers an electricalsignal from the neuron closest to the skin. That neuron that is closest to theskin sends a message to the brain. The brain then processes the information andsends a signal to whatever muscle it might attend to. Different parts of aneuron do specific jobs, such as make, move, and receive messages. A neuronnormally receives the messages, or signal on small branches, called dendrites.These dendrites stick out from the body of the cell, sending signals down along trail called the axel. The end of the axel has another group of branchesthat are called the axel terminal.  The signals move along the axelterminal in the form of negative and positively charged ions. The signals aredelivered through chemical signals. Since neurons are the ones who send andreceive signals from different body parts, one neuron could have a length of upto three feet.


晶品漫谈


五,Museum- National Museum of China


http://en.chnmuseum.cn/


2003年,中国国家博物馆介绍了170万年前至1911年清末的中国历史。它位于中国北京的天安门广场东侧,是世界上最大的博物馆之一,也是仅次于卢浮宫的世界第二大参观博物馆。著名的作品包括“厚木屋”矩形鼎,这件青铜器是商代晚期制造的矩形青铜长方形祭祀船,重量最大。还有一件镶有金线的汉代玉器也很有名。可用360度观看的两个虚拟展品是《唐代的辉煌》和《沉没的银》。(采编/翻译:陈晶露)


NationalMuseum of China

In 2003, the National Museum of Chinacovers Chinese history from 1.7 million years ago to the end of the QingDynasty in 1911. Notable works include the “Houmuwu” Rectangle Ding, a rectangular bronze sacrificial vesselmade in the late Shang Dynasty, the heaviest piece of ancient bronze ware inthe world, and a Han Dynasty jade burial suit laced with gold thread. Located on the eastern side of Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, thisis one of the largest museums in the world and the second-most visited artmuseum in the world, just after the Louvre. Two of the virtual exhibitsavailable for 360-degree viewing are the Resplendence of the Tang Dynasty andSunken Silver.


晶津乐道

六,回顾:从大学论文主题到伟大的大学论文-第二部分



https://blog.prepscholar.com/college-essay-topics


当您完成挑选好论文主题后, 请按照以下六个步骤将您的主题变成难忘的个人陈述:

  1.  写下所有细节

  2. 弄清楚您的重点和方法

  3. 叙述结构

  4. 写草稿

  5. 编辑,修改和校对

  6. 获取反馈并根据需要进行修改

祝您大学申请好运!(采编/翻译  方可滢)


Recap: From College Essay Topics to Great CollegeEssays-part2

Once you’ve got anessay topic picked out, follow these six steps for turning your topic into anunforgettable personal statement:

  1. Write down all the details

  2. Figure     out your focus and approach

  3. Structure     your narrative

  4. Write     a rough draft

  5. Edit,     revise, and proofread

  6. Get feedback and tweak as     needed

And with that, I wish you the best of luck onyour college essays!


晶采新知


地球上最早的磷可能是由闪电产生的



科学家一直认为,用来构建最早的DNARNA分子的磷来自一种叫做schreibersite的矿物,这种矿物通常在陨石中发现。但是研究人员报告说,对由一个雷击所形成的物质的新分析表明,闪电可能在地球早期就产生了足够的含磷矿物,以帮助启发生命。科学家分析了一大块称为“辉石”的,在2016年闪电击中伊利诺伊州的地面时形成的玻璃状物质。通过在辉石上发射激光,X射线和电子,并观察这些光束如何与材料相互作用,研究人员能够探测其成分。他们发现,该银辉石上镶嵌着细小的schreibersite颗粒,这些颗粒共同构成这个材料的约100克(约占0.4%)。利用这些观察结果以及对地球早期天气状况的估计,科学家们计算出了雷击在数十亿年前到底能造成多少schreibersite。研究人员得出结论,从大约45亿年前到35亿年前,闪电每年可能都会创造11011,000公斤的含磷化合物,以帮助生命的开始。(采编/翻译:贺英博)

 

Phosphorus for Earth’s earliest life may have been forged bylightning

 

The phosphorus that went into building the firstDNA and RNA molecules is thought to have come from a mineral calledschreibersite, which is typically found in meteorites. But a new analysis ofminerals forged by a lightning strike hints that lightning may have producedenough schreibersite on early Earth to help kickstart life, researchers report.Scientists analyzed a hunk of glassy material called fulgurite, which formedwhen lightning zapped the ground in Illinois in 2016. By firing lasers, X-raysand electrons at the fulgurite and observing how those beams interacted withthe material, the researchers were able to probe its composition. Theydiscovered that the fulgurite was studded with tiny kernels of schreibersite,which collectively made up about 100 grams — or about 0.4 percent — of thelightning-made material. Using those observations, along with estimates ofweather conditions on early Earth, scientists calculated the amount ofschreibersite that lightning strikes could have created billions of years ago.From about 4.5 billion to 3.5 billion years ago, lightning could have forged110 to 11,000 kilograms of phosphorus-containing compounds each year to helpseed life, the researchers conclude.



八,章鱼



https://www.sciencenews.org/article/octopus-sleep-stages-active-color-quiet-rem-brain


睡眠很重要。我们的身体得到所需的休息和恢复,我们的大脑整理我们的记忆。但是,睡眠不仅是人类会经历的东西,其他所有动物也都会经历。研究人员尚未发现任何不睡觉的动物,那就是睡眠对生命的重要性。在研究野生章鱼的睡眠方式时,研究人员发现它们具有两个不同的阶段。在第一个叫做“安静睡眠”的过程中,章鱼脸色苍白,一动不动,眼睛的瞳孔变窄。第二种称为主动睡眠。眼睛四处飞镖,抽油管收缩,肌肉抽搐,皮肤纹理变化,最明显的是,鲜艳的色彩在章鱼的身体上奔跑。这种狂野的睡眠是有节奏的,每半小时左右发生一次,而且短暂。大约40秒钟后结束。这种“主动睡眠”类似于人类在睡眠,快速眼动或REM期间的经历。在人类睡眠的这个阶段,通常是我们做梦的时候。目前尚不清楚章鱼是否也做梦,或者人类是否能够知道它们在做梦。(采编/翻译:张乐嘉)

 

Octopuses

            Sleep isimportant.  Our bodies get the rest and recovery it needs, and our brainsorts our memories.  But sleep is not something only humans experience,all other animals experience it too.  Researchers have yet to discover anyanimal that does not sleep, that is how important sleep is to life.  Whenstudying the sleeping patterns of wild octopuses, researchers discovered thatthey had two distinct phases.  In the first, called quiet sleep, theoctopuses are pale and motionless with the pupils of their eyes narrowed toslits. The second is called active sleep.  Eyes dart around, suckers’contract, muscles twitch, skin textures change and, most dramatically, brightcolors race across octopuses’ bodies. This wild sleep is rhythmic, happeningevery half an hour or so, and brief; it is over after about 40 seconds. This “active sleep” is similar to something humans experience during sleep,Rapid Eye Movement or REM.  During this stage of human sleep is often whenwe have dreams.  It is unclear whether octopuses dream or if humans wouldeven be able to understand them if they did. 


晶彩再现
九,收集未开封的时期产品包装并将其捐赠给当地的无家可归者庇护所$ 1,000奖学金




https://www.dosomething.org/us/campaigns/power-period?&utm_source=scholarship_featured&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=niche_2021_03_vcredit&utm_content=vcredit 

 这个惊人的奖学金机会为您提供了一个机会,可以帮助您的社区并赢得$ 1,000!通过收集并捐赠诸如卫生棉条和卫生巾等经期的产品到当地的无家可归者收容所,一旦您提交了产品图片,您将获得这项奖学金。最好的部分是什么?要求很容易满足!您无需提交GPA或撰写论文,并且您必须年满26岁。截止日期是2021331日,所以请确保立即申请!(采编/翻译: 雷岸汀)

 

Collect Unopened Packages of Period Products and Donate Them to a Local Homeless Shelter $1,000Scholarship 

This amazingscholarship opportunity provides you a chance to help your community and win$1,000! By collecting and donating period products, like tampons and pads, to alocal homeless shelter, you will be entered into this scholarship once yousubmit a picture of the products. What is the best part? The requirements arevery easy to meet! You do not need to submit your GPA or write an essay, and youhave to be under 26 years old. The deadline is March 31st, 2021, so make sureto apply now!




 




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